- Week 1
1. Herod the Great c. 74 B.C. – 4 B.C.
Flavius Josephus (see Card 63) records that Herod the Great completely rebuilt the Temple in 20-18 BCE, even going so far as to replace the foundation stones and to smooth off the surface of the Temple Mount. This Temple became known as Herod’s Temple. He also constructed fortifications at Masads.
- Bible History, Herod the Great
- Herod’s Buildings
- Jewish History of Herod
- Find Card 66, Masada and Write Herod the Great
- Herod the Great met with the Three Wise Men, Card 6
- Herod was cruel and killed many, including one of his wives and two sons.
- He was the father of King Herod Antipas, see Cards 5 and 28
- He killed all of the boys under the age of 2. Jeremiah Chapter 31, Verse 15 … “A voice is heard in Ramah, mourning and great weeping, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted, because they are no more … Rachel is weeping for her children; She refuses to be comforted for her children, Because they are no more.”
- A personal note: Pat and Jim, friends of ours visited a closed portion of Bethlehem. They asked a guard if they could visit this area because there was a beautiful church there. The guard assumed they knew what was under the church — they did not know. He asked an elderly man with a set of ancient looking keys to give them a tour. The man explained that his family had guarded this underground tunnel for centuries. He lead them well below the ground to a large room with small skulls stacked neatly in holes cut into the cave walls. The guard explained that these were the skulls of the boys killed by Herod the Great.
Mirror mirror on Douglas’ Herod, who was the greatest builder of all (at least during the late BC’s). Douglas studied Herod’s intense narcissism and chose mirrors to represent it. He also chose a pool where Herod had his brother-in-law-drowned, Herod’s first wife, who Herod killed as well, The Temple and Masada.
At his wife’s insistence, Herod the Great appointed his 17 year-old brother-in-law Chief Priest. The brother-in-law loved the lavish robes of the chief priest and the people absolutely fell in love with him. They quickly began to follow him and Herod feared for his position. Think about this. The brother-in-law was Arab. He was NOT Jewish. The Chief Priest in the Temple of God was adored because of his beautiful clothing and good looks. He was not opposed, he was praised. The hearts of the people had left God. Think of how much more the true devotion and simple sacrifices of Simeon and Anna were under these conditions. Herod drown the brother-in-law fairly soon after making him chief priest.